Updates to The Harris's Hawk Revolution
Page 583 -Repairing/bandaging broken talons:
While some falconers have recommending microwaving to salvage talons from dead raptors, this method does not work because it causes the talon to explode. Instead soak in water until talon can be pulled off. Clean the salvaged talon with a bleach or Chlorhexidine solution before gluing it onto the hawk's injured/broken talon or digit (bone) using two part, 5 minute epoxy.
Dr. Tim Sullivan’s treatment for Aspergillosis in a Harris’s Hawk:
Aspergillosis was diagnosed (ELISA) and radiographs revealed two granulomas in a 5-month-old, captive bred Harris’s Hawk. One granuloma was pressing on the syrinx and affected the hawk’s voice. It was large enough to make swallowing difficult, such that the hawk had to be force fed small bites of food.
The hawk was successfully treated with the following:
Vfend (Voriconazole) 15 mg/kg oral - once daily – given in the morning with 15 grams of food
Lamisil (Terbinafine) 15-20 mg/kg oral – one daily – given in the evening
Nebulizer treatment for 20 minutes 1 to 2 times daily. (usually once daily in this case) Nebulizing solution: 250 mg Terbinafine + 250 ml distilled water + 0.25 ml Mucomist
We stopped nebulizing treatments after 7 days but administered both oral medications for a total of 37 days. A radiograph taken 18 days after stopping oral medications showed no granulomas.
Page 601 -Vaccinating against West Nile virus:
The RECOMBITEK Equine West Nile Virus vaccine by Merial has been discontinued. We are now using the vaccine made by Vetera because it incorporates the North American Equine E159™ 2005 isolate for protection against the WNV strain most likely to infect raptors today. Because this is a killed virus, we are using the full 1.0 ml dose in Harris's Hawks.
We give one 1.0 ml injection into the pectoral muscle initially followed by a second 1.0 ml injection 3 to 4 weeks later, and then a third 1.0 ml injection 3 to 4 weeks after that (3 total the first year). Then administer a 1.0 ml annual booster. If your raptor has already been through the initial series with a different vaccine, it only requires the annual booster.
Muscle necrosis may occur at the injection site.
For more information read: Angenvoort et al. 2014